Tag Archives: Birder

In flight, seen from below, this elegant valve is distinguished by its black and white wings. In adults, the bill is pink with a black terminal tip. The orbital ring and long legs are also pinkish. The spurs on the wrists of the wings are red. The vast majority of the upper parts are brownish grey but the shoulders are covered with a bronzed green luster. The occiput is decorated with long black feathers that form a thin, pointed crest. The forehead and throat have a black longitudinal spot. The chest is crossed by a wide black band that descends almost to the top of the belly.

It is a local bird and is rarely found between 1300 and 2400 m of altitude. It is an endemic bird of Colombia known only from the western and northern slopes of the central mountain range in the extreme northwest (La Frijolera, Ventanas above Valdivia) and the western slopes of the western mountain range near the headwaters of the San Juan river (slopes of Cerro de Tatamá in La Silva and Jamarraya river).

The bill is black, the legs are dark grey. The tail is variable in length, especially in adult males. In the male, the forehead, throat and chest are dark green shimmering. A light purple square spot decorates the center of the throat. The belly is glossy golden green, the cap is dark green and the rest of the upper parts is dark bronze-green. The lateral rectrices are extended and they are nuanced with bronze.

The male is unmistakable in good light, but usually looks completely black. It has the crown and the ruby red nape on, the feathers of the forehead cover the base of the bill. In her throat and high chest has an iridescent orange topaz tone. The rest is dark olive brown above and below. It has the blackest mantle continuing to the sides of the neck up to the eyes. Its undertail pattern and tail are of a rufous brown tone; the tail has brown apex.

A relatively small and inconspicuous mountain tanager found in the high subtropical and temperate areas of the Andes. Blue up with yellow belly and black head. The beige chest band is not so conspicuous. Look for the blue eyebrows with unique sequins. Equal sexes. It is found alone or in couples, usually moving silently through the understory and the edge of the forest. It often follows flocks of mixed species.

Both sexes are identical but the female does not have an orbital ring. In adults, the head and face are very blackish brown. The cheeks and the region that goes from the loral to the eye are black with a very thin yellow or orange orbital ring. The nape of the neck, the top of the mantle and the subcaudal covers are dark brown with a slight olive or greyish olive shade. The wings and tail are darker or blacker. The outside of the large covers, the alula and the primary covers are clearly black. The wing underwings are the same colour as the flanks, but may be edged with pale or dull orange. The chin is whitish turning grey on the throat, it is vaguely striated of black. The rest of the lower parts are lighter or greyish brown, especially on the center of the belly. The bill varies from orange to orange-red, the legs and feet are yellowish orange or brownish yellow.

The male measures around 10 cm and the female approximately 10.7cm. Its bill measures approximately 25 mm, is black, moderately long and slightly decurved. The male is of a bright green hue above and iridescent green below, it has long, white and silky underflow covers. Its tail is long and slightly forked, black blue. The female is smaller, above is green and below is greyish. Its underflow covers and tail are like in the male but with the external rectrices with a broad whitish apex and with a barely noticeable dark underground band.

It’s a short bill, black, straight, pointy hummingbird, the male, is bright green on the back with the lower parts more obscure, the green iridescent crown and presents green tail with feathers of gradated length, being the external ones markedly long up to 14cm. The female measures 9.7 cm, has a bright green back, a white throat and chest with green spots and a cinnamon-colored abdomen. Unlike the male, the female’s tail is short, forked and dark blue green with white tips.