Picture taked from: https://ebird.org/species/strsal1?siteLanguage=es_DO

Order:

Passeriformes

Family:

Thraupidae

A shy and lonely but fairly common bird who only likes to show itself in the morning in open areas, due this, the deforestation more than be a problem is in fact beneficial  for this species that has a simple but beautiful plumage

Description

Measures approximately 20 cm and weighs 34 to 44 g. It has brown irises, blackish bill, and black legs. Presents a narrow white superciliary in front and the area above the eye, It has a greyish green crown which turns grayer on the back and a throat and chest are whitish, this with dark streaks; belly white buff with diffuse streaks

Distribution

This species is found from southwestern Costa Rica to northern Peru. in Colombia it is found from Cartagena to the Guajira and from there to the south to both slopes of the Eastern Mountain range in the north of Santander

Habitat

It lives in secondary growth forests, dry and open areas with shrubs, clear hills, grasslands, regenerating agricultural land, and gardens with good tree cover.

Feeding

It feeds on fruits, flowers, seeds and insects. It has been recorded eating ants and beetles as well

Breeding

Its nest is cup-shaped and built with fine vines, weed stalks, grass and tendrils which it generally places 1 to 3 m above the ground on a small tree. Lays 2 or 3 blue eggs with black spots

Behavior

It remains solitary in pairs and very rarely in small groups. It is a conspicuous bird that generally sings in the morning from exposed perches but remains hidden for the rest of the day.

Taxonomy

The taxonomic affinities of the genus Saltator are uncertain but recent studies indicate that it could belong to the Thraupidae family

Conservation status

It is considered a kind of minor concern.

Vocalization/ Song

https://www.xeno-canto.org/573310

References

https://www.icesi.edu.co

http: //avibase.bsc-eoc.org

https://birdscolombia.com