Generally, a silent and uncommon bird that inhabits intermediate altitudes in the Colombian Andes. Its name means bird with a long mantle and a golden head. Pharomachrus derives from the Greek roots pharos = mantle, makros = long, and auriceps from the Latin aurum = golden and ceps = head.
It is found in eastern Panama and in the Andes of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela. Colombia lives between 1400 and 2700 m above sea level, in the three mountain ranges and the Perijá mountain range. It can reach up to 600 m on the Pacific slope.
Inhabits moist, mid-elevation forests and foothills. Also in forest edges, clearings, and secondary-growth forests. It has sometimes been recorded in elfin forests. In Panama, it is found in the Podocarpus forest, and Venezuela and Ecuador in dwarf forests and open areas with scattered trees
Although it also includes arthropods in its diet, this bird is mainly frugivorous. It has been observed feeding on the fruits of Cecropia sp., Ocotea calophylla, and Ficus cundinamarcensis…
Hatchlings have been recorded between April and June in the Cordillera Central and Serranía del Perijá and females in nests in March. In the month of April, hatchlings have also been recorded in Cerro Pirre in eastern Panama, and nests in May in Ecuador
However, its populations are susceptible to the destruction and fragmentation of forests, so it can become locally extinct