Nature Trips

The white-eyed tody-tyrant (Hemitriccus zosterops) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae, the tyrant flycatchers.It is found in the northern Amazon Basin of Brazil and the Guianas of French Guiana, Suriname, and southeast Guyana; also Amazonian Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru.It is a small short-tailed bird, medium grayish and olive-greenish with fleckings of deep black and white on its wings. It has a short sharp stout black bill, and is named for its narrow white eye-ring and its white eyes. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland. In the Amazon Basin it is only found north of the Amazon River; in Venezuela it is in the headwaters of the Orinoco River in the south.

The booted racket-tail (Ocreatus underwoodii) is a species of hummingbird. It is found in the Andean cordillera of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. A population also occurs on the Venezuelan coast. This is the only species in the monotypic genus Ocreatus.

It is a noisy bird that lives in the lowlands east of the Andes and, unlike other species of the genus, it forages more frequently in the understory. Its name Monasa derives from the Greek monas, monos = lonely. The epithet nigrifrons means black forehead and derives from the Latin roots niger = black and frons = forehead.

Silent bird that lives in low strata of humid forests. Its name Malacoptila means soft plumage and derives from the Greek roots malakos = soft and ptilon = plumage. His epithet mystacalis means mustache and comes from the Greek mustax, mustakos.

Populations of this species are found mainly in Colombia and a small portion of northwestern Venezuela. Its name Thamnophilus comes from the Greek roots thamnos = bush and philos = lover of. The epithet multistriatus comes from the Latin roots multi = much and striatus = striated.

It is a conspicuous species that lives in dry areas mainly in stubble forests, cultivated areas and forest plantations. It feeds mainly on insects that it captures by jumping and exploring on the foliage, supplementing its diet with fruits and nectar. Its name comes from the Greek ikteros which means yellow, and its specific epithet nigrogularis means black throat, which comes from the Latin roots niger = black and gularis = neck.

This species is endemic to the eastern Andes of Colombia. Its name Synallaxis comes from the Greek sunallaxis = change, which was assigned by Vieillot (1818) referring to characters that merited recognition as a different gender. The epithet subpudica comes from the Latin sub = something, somewhat and pudicus = modest.

Formerly classified in the genus Schizoeaca. It is a difficult to see bird with a fairly long tail that lives in the high Andean mountains from Venezuela to Peru. Its name Asthenes comes from the Greek and means weak or insignificant. The epithet fuliginosa comes from the Latin fuliginosus = sooty.

It is one of the largest species in the genus. Its name Grallaria derives from the modern Latin grallarius = stilt man. The epithet squamigera derives from the Latin roots squama = scale and gerere = carry on.

Hummingbird mainly cinnamon color, inhabits highlands and with a proportionally short bill for its body size. Its name Aglaeactis comes from the Greek aglaia = splendor and aktis = ray of sun. The epithet cupripennis comes from the Latin cupreus = copper or copper and pennis = winged.